Sunday, August 31, 2014

The Health Benefits of Tomatoes

Tomatoes
Men who ate over 10 portions of tomatoes per week experienced an 18% reduced risk for prostate cancer, according to the new study.

What's Prostate Cancer?

Prostate Cancer Prostate cancer is mostly a very slow progressing disease. In fact, many men die of old age, without ever knowing they had prostate cancer - it is only when an autopsy is done that doctors know it was there. The prostate cancer starts in the gland cells - this is called adenocarcinoma 

We all know that fruits and vegetables are good for health. However, not many of us may really know the health benefits of many fruits and vegetables that we consumed daily or not many of us really keen on certain fruits and vegetables.   

The new study, published in the journal Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention, suggested that Tomatoes are one such food rich in lycopene, which is a carotenoid that gives fruits and vegetables a red color. 

This lycopene naturally occurring chemical has previously been linked to improved blood vessel function in cardiovascular disease patients, as well as an effective treatment for high cholesterolAccording to Vanessa Er from the University of Bristol in the UK - lycopene also fights off toxins that can damage DNA and cells.

Whilst the researchers stressed upon the benefits of Tomatoes, they also suggested that men should still eat a wide variety of fruits and vegetables, maintain a healthy weight and stay active."



Saturday, August 30, 2014

ឆ្លងមេរោគផ្លូវទឹកមូត្រ (Urine Tract Infection)


Ward Test/Simple Urine Test 


Understanding  Urine Tract Infection

Summary by Better Health Channel 

Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs) are very common in women, babies and the elderly. The most common cause is a bacteria called Escherichia coli (E. coli), which usually lives in the digestive system and bowel. Infection can target the urethra, bladder or kidneys.

Below is the Conclusions and Relevance from clinical review published in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA).
Establishing a diagnosis of symptomatic UTI in older women requires careful clinical evaluation with possible laboratory assessment using urinalysis and urine culture. Asymptomatic bacteriuria should be differentiated from symptomatic UTI. Asymptomatic bacteriuria in older women should not be treated.


The clinical spectrum of UTIs

Asymptomatic bacteriuriais a significant number of bacteria in the urine that occurs without usual symptoms such as burning during urination or frequent urination (Medline Plus), Asymptomatic bacteriuria is transient in older women, often resolves without any treatment, and is not associated with morbidity or mortality (JAMA).

Asymptomatic bacteriuria: is when a patient has both clinical features and laboratory evidence of a urinary infection  (JAMA)

Observation

An urine test or ward test (as one may call it)  would randomly perform when a person had a fall, showed some changes in verbal or physical or both verbal and physical behaviours. Most of the time there were some but a lowtpretest probability of UTI - +1 or 2 leukocyte without any nitrites and the person concerned did not have a temperature. 

These days, there are many doctors who are reluctantly to prescribe any medication for this asymptomatic (though person concerned is shown behaviours mentioned above) - this would be in line with the Conclusions and Relevance mentioned above.

In such case, Doctors would normally request for urine specimen to be collected and sent off to laboratory, increase fluid intakes and continue to monitor for any changes in behaviours or unless the person concerned would have a temperature. 


Read more >>>> Urinary Tract Infections in Older Women A Clinical Review

សេចក្តីណែនាំថ្មីក្នុងការគ្រប់គ្រងសម្ពាធឈាមខ្ពស់ (New guideline for the Management of High Blood Pressure)


ជម្ងឺលើសឈាម គឺ ជាលក្ខខណ្ឌទូទៅភាគច្រើនដែលត្រូវបានឃើញនៅក្នុងការថែទាំបឋម (ការថែទាំបឋម គឺ សំដៅទៅលើការព្យាបាលនិង ថែទាំ នៅក្នុងមន្ទីរពេទ្យ) និង ជាមូលហេតុនាំមុខ គេមួយដែលបណ្តាលឱ្យកើតជម្ងឺសរសៃឈាមបេះដូងដល់ជាច្រើនប្រផេទដូចជា ជម្ងឺគាំងបេះដូង ជម្ងឺដាច់សរសៃឈាមខួរក្បាលជម្ងឺ ខូចតំរងនោម និង ការបាត់បង់ជីវិត ប្រសិនបើមិនបានរកឃើញ ភ្លាមៗនិងទទួលការព្យាបាលសមរម្យ ។ 

Hypertension is the most common condition seen in primary care and is a leading cause to many cardiovascular disease such as myocardial infarction, stroke, renal failure, and death if not detected early and treated appropriately. 

អ្នកជម្ងឺចង់ឱ្យចង់បាននូវការធានាថាការព្យាបាលសម្ពាធឈាម (BP) នឹងការកាត់បន្ថយបន្ទុកជម្ងឺ របស់ពួកគេ ខណៈដែលគ្រូពេទ្យចង់បានការណែនាំស្តីពីការគ្រប់គ្រងជម្ងឺលើសឈាម ដោយផ្អែក ទៅលើភស្តុតាងខាងវិទ្យាសាស្រ្តដ៏ល្អបំផុត។ 

Patients want to be assured that blood pressure (BP) treatment will reduce their disease burden, while clinicians want guidance on hypertension management using the best scientific evidence.

អនុសាសន៍ថ្មីដោយសមាជិកក្រុមបានតែងតាំងទៅក្នុងគណៈកម្មាធិប្រាំបីចម្រុះជាតិ (JNC 8) សម្រាប់ការព្យាបាល និង ជាពិសេសសម្រាប់អ្នកដែលអាយុតិចជាង ៣០ ឆ្នាំ  គឺ សម្ពាធឈាម គោលដៅស្ថឹតក្រោម ១៤០/៩០mmHg ខណៈដែលមនុស្សមានអាយុ ៦០ ឆ្នាំ ឬ វ័យចំណាស់ ជាងនោះ សម្ពាធឈាមគោលដៅស្ថឹតក្រោម ១៥០/៩០mmHg ហើយចំពោះបុគ្គលដែលស្ថឹតក្នុង អំឡុងអាយុ ៣០ឆ្នាំ ដល់ ៥៩ ឆ្នាំនោះសម្ពាធឈាមគោលដៅសម្ពាធឈាមដាសតូលីកស្ថឹតតឹចជាង ៩០ mm​​Hg ។ អនុសាសន៍ នេះ គឺ សម្រាប់មនុស្សពេញវ័យដែលមានជម្ងឺលើសឈាម អ្នក ដែលមានជម្ងឺទឹកនោមផ្អែម ឬ មិនមានជម្ងឺទឹកនោមផ្អែមក្តី ជម្ងឺខូចតម្រងនោមរ៉ាំរ៉ៃ (Chronic Kidney Disease) និង សម្រាប់ប្រជាជនទូទៅដែលមានជម្ងឺលើសឈាម  អាយុក្រោម ៦០ ឆ្នាំ ។

The new recommendation by the Panel Members Appointed to the Eighth Joint National Committee (JNC 8) for the treatment and in particular for those younger than 30 years a BP goal is less than 140/90 mm Hg, whilst persons aged 60 years or older to a BP goal of less than 150/90 mm Hg and persons 30 through 59 years of age to a diastolic goal of less than 90 mm Hg. The recommendation is also for those hypertensive adults with diabetes or nondiabetic chronic kidney disease (CKD) as for the general hypertensive population younger than 60 years. 

អានអត្ថបទដើម >>> 2014 Evidence-Based Guideline for the Management of High Blood Pressure in Adults

Friday, August 29, 2014

Cremini Mushroom Quinoa Cakes

Recipes courtesy of Red Rocks The Kitchen 






Ingredients:

2 T Butter
1/4 red onion (minced or chopped)
2 cloves garlic
1/2 package (1 cup) Cremini mushrooms (chopped)
salt & pepper
about 1 T fresh chopped parsley (a bunch) or 2 t. of dried parsley
**optional: "splash" of white wine, Sherry, or Marsala

2 cups cooked/ cooled quinoa  (in chicken broth/stock for extra flavor!)
3/4- 1 cup Plain Greek yogurt
1/2 cup shredded Monterey Jack cheese (or ANY kind of white cheese grated or shredded!)
Salt & pepper

About 1-2 cups Panko Bread crumbs
Canola oil

Method

1)  In a sauté pan, melt the butter on medium.  Add onion, garlic, and mushrooms, and sauté for a couple minutes.  Season with salt, pepper, and add the parsley.  Add the wine, (if using), and continue cooking for a couple more minutes until the mixture has soaked up the wine.  Remove from heat and allow to cool. 

2)  In a medium sizes bowl, combine quinoa, cooled mushroom mixture, yogurt, and cheese, until mixture resembles picture above- and is nice and creamy.

3)  In a frying pan, pour enough oil to coat the bottom of pan, (about 1/4in.deep), and heat on medium.

4)  In a shallow bowl/pan, place about 1 cup Panko crumbs.  Begin forming the cakes by hand, place in crumbs 1 or 2 at a time- coating both sides well.

5)  Place cakes carefully in pan, and fry for about 3-4min. on both sides.  Adjust heat if necessary. 

6)  When cakes are a nice golden brown on both sides, remove from pan, place on paper towel lined tray to catch excess oil, and transfer to serving plate/ platter.

7)  Serve with your choice of sauce, and on any choice of salad greens, or side salad, vegetable, etc.!

គ្រឿងទេស - Spices

These are seeds, powders and salt I have in my pantry. For the last few days, I have tried them to marinate meats - pork belly, tuna and steak. The aroma of these combined spices is so good and the taste is delicious. 
 
Cardamon seeds
Funnel seeds
Black pepper
 
Paprika powder
 
Himalayan salt
 
Coriander seeds
Turmeric powder



 

Wednesday, August 27, 2014

Cooked Vs Raw Vegetables


cooked and raw vegetables, which one is best for us? 

I would think that it is depending on our liking, health status and types of vegetables. There are many vegetables and leafy vegetable alike that could be consumed raw and some must be cooked.

In a new study by the Imperial college in London, shown that Steaming, blanching is best particularly for its nutrient and health benefits; The results and the that raw vegetables were associated with a lower blood pressure overall. 

Reasons?

For those who don't like raw vegetables at all may try to steam or blench the vegetables instead. 

With steaming or blanching vegetables, we still maintain most of the nutrients. 

When we cook our vegetable we actually change their chemical composition and can reduce the amount of antioxidants such as those water-soluble and heat-sensitive nutrients, such as vitamin C, glucosinolate and polyphenols. Cooking also can reduce a nutrient’s ease of absorption into the body. However certain vegetable such as tomatoes are best when cooked - known for absorption of other protective compounds, particularly carotenoids. 

Sunday, August 24, 2014

ទឹក: តើទឹកចំនួនច្រើនប៉ុណ្ណាដែលយើងត្រូវការទទួលទានមួយថ្ងៃ? (Water: How Much Water Do We Need A Day?)


How much water should you drink each day? Infographic on HealthHub from Cleveland Clinic

យើងទាំងអស់គ្នាបានដឹងច្បាស់អំពីសារៈសំខាន់នៃការទទួលទានសារធាតុរាវ ក៏ប៉ុន្តែ តើយើងគួរ ទទួលទានទឹកចំនួនប៉ុន្មានក្នុងមួយថ្ងៃ គឺ អាស្រ័យទាំងស្រុង ទៅលើការរំលាយអាហារ កម្រិតនៃ សកម្មភាព (រាងកាយ) សីតុណ្ហាភាព និង អាយុរបស់យើង ។ ទោះបីជាបានពោលយ៉ាងនេះក្តី យើង គួរពិចារណាអំពីស្ថានភាពសុខភាពរបស់យើងផងដែរ ។ បុគ្គល ដែលមានបញ្ហាសុខភាពមួយចំនួន ហើយបានទទួលដំបូន្មានពីវេជ្ជបណ្ឌិតរបស់ខ្លួនស្តីអំពី ការ ដាក់កម្រិតសារធាតុរាវ ទោះជា ១.២ លីត្រ ឬ ១.៥ លីត្រក្នុងមួយថ្ងៃ `នោះគួរអនុវត្តតាមអនុសាសន៍នោះ ។ 

យើងចងចាំផងដែរថាសារធាតុទឹកដែលរកឃើញនៅក្នុងម្ហូបអាហារ ទឹកតែ និង ទឹកដោះគោនោះ គឺ បានរាប់បញ្ចូលជាវត្ថុរាវ

we all know too well the important of fluid intakes but how much water we shall drink per day is totally depending on our metabolism, level of activity, temperature and age. By saying this, we shall also taking into consideration of our health status as well. People with certain health condition and has been advised by its own doctor on fluid restriction, whether it is 1.2 liters or 1.5 liters per day shall adhere to that recommendation.  

we shall also remember that water found in food, juice, tea and milk are also counted forward as fluids

អានអត្ថបទដើម >>> Water: Do You Need 8 Glasses a Day? 

Saturday, August 23, 2014

Hair Health



In Asia, umbrella is part of the daily need particularly among women and young girls. They use it virtually almost every day of the year whether it is rainy day or sunny day, unlikely their counterparts in western countries where umbrella is used only during the wet day. The reason most Asian women love their umbrella is to protect their skin from getting darker complex. One thing that they did not realize is that they are actually looking after their hairs as well.

Signs to recognize

Sings of sun damage to your hair include discoloration, dry and brittle strands, broken or split ends, thinning and frizziness. Damaged hair has a dry look and feel. Damaged hair also is unmanageable and will not hold a curl or style. Usually, damaged hair dries quickly.

Signs to recognize

Sings of sun damage to your hair include discoloration, dry and brittle strands, broken or split ends, thinning and frizziness. Damaged hair has a dry look and feel. Damaged hair is also hard to manage and will not hold a curl or style. Usually, damaged hair dries quickly.

Factors that contribute to damage hair

There are many factors that contribute to damage hair include the use of hot flat irons or rollers, chlorinated water in swimming pools or lightening your hair can make it more vulnerable to the summer stresses of heat and sun. All of these damage your hair’s keratin. The damaged protein allows sun and heat to penetrate the hair more easily and results in a fragile hair strand. Bleach or highlights your hair is another factor and you’re going to have very significant hair breakage.”

What you can do
  • Go out early or late in the day, just as you would to protect your skin.
  • Wear a hat or cover yourself with an umbrella as there is not a cosmetic product out there that acts like a sunscreen and protect tour hair
  • Make sure you rinse your hair out with clear water If you swim in a chlorinated pool (which contains salt and chlorine).
  • Use a hair conditioner appropriate to your hair color and type, as well as the climate. Use a conditioner with volumizing formula if you have fine hair.
Read original article Best "Ways to Protect Your Hair From Sun Damage"

Friday, August 22, 2014

ផ្លែ berries ផលប្រយោជន៍សុខភាព (Berries: Health Benefits)


វិធីសាស្រ្តថ្មីអំពីជម្ងឺដែលទាក់ទងទៅនឹងរបបអាហារ
new approach in diet-related diseases

ផ្លែ berries ទាំងអស់ គឺ ល្អសម្រាប់សុខភាពរបស់អ្នក មិនថាឡើយតើផ្លែនោះជា raspberries strawberries BlackBerry blueberries ឬ cranberries នេះបើយោងតាមសេចក្តីប្រកាសនៃការ ស្រាវជ្រាវនាសប្តាហ៍នេះ ដោយ Yves DesJardin ពីសាកលវិទ្យាល័យ Laval ប្រទេសកាណាដា នៅក្នុងសម័យប្រជុំសាកវប្បកម្មសភាពិភពលោកនៅទីក្រុង Brisbane ដែលបានសន្និដ្ឋានថា វាអាចសម្រកបានប្រមាណជា ១០% នៃទម្ងន់រាងកាយ និង បញ្ឈប់ការកើនទម្ងន់បន្ថែមទៀត ដោយគ្រាន់តែបរិភោគផ្លែ berries មួយដៃក្នុងមួយថ្ងៃ ។ 

ផ្លែ berries ទាំងអស់ត្រូវបានគេស្គាល់ផងដែរ អំពីលក្ខណៈសម្បត្តិប្រឆាំងអុកស៊ីតកម្មរបស់វា ក៏ប៉ុន្តែការបង្កើនសុខភាពចុងក្រោយបំផុតដែលផ្តល់ដោយ berries គឺ សមត្ថភាពរបស់វា ក្នុងការ ពង្រឹងឥទ្ធិពលរបស់បាក់តេរី «ល្អ» នៅក្នុងក្រពះដែលជួយកាត់បន្ថយការធាត់ជ្រុល។

ហេតុអ្វីបានជាស្ដារតុល្យភាពបាក់តេរីនៅក្នុងវៀននេះ គឺ ជាការសំខាន់

នៅពេលដែលអ្នកធាត់ជ្រុល ឬ ទទួលទានរបបអាហារ McDonald មិនល្អប្រពៃ បាក់តេរីនៅក្នុងពោះ វៀនរបស់អ្នក បញ្ចេញជាតិអាសីុដខ្លាញ់ទាំងឡាយ ដែលបានធ្វើឱ្យអ្នកកើនទម្ងន់បន្ថែមទៀត ថ្លើម គ្មានសុខភាពល្អ អាចនឹងអភិវឌ្ឍជម្ងឺទឹកនោមផ្អែម និងជម្ងឺមេតាប៉ូលីមួយចំនួន ។

All berries are good for your health whether they are raspberries, strawberries, blackberries, blueberries or cranberries  according to research announced this week at the World Horticultural Congress in Brisbane by Yves Desjardins, of Canada’s Laval University; concludes that it is possible to lose 10 per cent of body weight and stop further weight gain overall by eating a handful of berries a day.


Berries are well known for its antioxidant properties but the latest health boost offered by berries is its ability to enhance the dominance of “good” stomach and gut bacteria that helps reduce obesity.

why restoring bacterial balance in the gut is important 


When you are obese or have a bad ‘McDonald’s’ diet, the bacteria in your gut releases fatty acids, which make you put on more weight, have a fatty, unhealthy liver and become more likely to develop diabetes and metabolic syndrome.

អានអត្ថបទដើម Daily berry fix helps to stave off obesity, diabetes



Saturday, August 16, 2014

អំបឹល និង សុខភាព (Salt & Health)



According to the new research published in the New England Journal of Medicine, it was estimated that 1.65 million lives lost each year are a direct consequence to eating too much salt.   

Questions we should ask ourselves

Do we actually measure the amount of salt we consumed or added to our foods everyday? Do we really know for sure how much salt contents are already in a piece of food bought at fast foods outlet or in a bowl of noddle soup or in the grocery foods? And what is the safe and tolerated amount of salt intake per day?  

Based on the Global Burden of Disease group's report and model used to measure on the risk it is suggested that the safe or tolerated intake per day is 2 grams of sodium, or 5 grams salt. 

Matter of fact, on average, we consumed more then 9 times the amount we need, said Ms Rechter, CEO of VicHealth.   

What are the effect of excessive salt on health?

There are well established link between salt on health. The main two links are blood pressure and cardiovascular disease. There are also diseases such as gastric ulcer, stomach cancer and other 20 health problems.


អំពីជម្ងឺធ្លាក់ទឹកចិត្ត (About Depression)



"ខ្ញុំមានអារម្មណ៍ទុក្ខព្រួយគ្រប់ពេលវេលា", "ខ្ញុំមិនរីករាយជាមួយនឹងអ្វីៗ ដូចខ្ញុំធ្លាប់បានទទួលពីមុន មក", "ខ្ញុំមានអារម្មណ៍ថាអស់កម្លាំង, អស់សង្ឃឹម ហើយគ្មានសង្ឃឹម» - ពាក្យទាំងនេះ គឺ ជាពាក្យ ដែលយើងបានឮជាញឹកញាប់ហើយពោលដោយអ្នកដែលជួបប្រទះបញ្ហាជម្ងឺធ្លាក់ទឹកចិត្ត។

“I feel sad all the time”, “I just don’t enjoy anything the way I used to”, “I feel exhausted, hopeless and helpless” - These are words we have often heard and said by those encountering depression.   

ទុក្ខព្រួយជាអារម្មណ៍ធម្មតារបស់មនុស្សយើង ហើយយើងទាំងអស់គ្នាតែងមានអារម្មណ៍ទុក្ខព្រួយ នេះគ្រប់ពេល  - ជាការឆ្លើយតបរបស់មនុស្សយើងទៅនឹងបទពិសោធន៍នៃការបាត់បង់ ឬ ការខក ចិត្ត ។ ក៏ប៉ុន្តែ ប្រសិនបើទុក្ខព្រួយកើតឡើងជាញឹកញាប់ពេក វាអាចក្លាយទៅជាជម្ងឺធ្លាក់ទឹកចិត្ត - គឺ ជាលក្ខណៈវេជ្ជសាស្រ្តដែលមនុស្សយើងបានកំពុងជួបប្រទះនូវអារម្មណ៍ដុនដាបមានរយៈពេលយូរនិង ក្រេវក្រោធដែលប៉ះពាល់ដល់សមត្ថភាពរបស់ពួកគេ ក្នុងការបំពេញការងារ ឬ ទំនាក់ទំនង នឹង អ្នកផ្សេងទៀត ។  អ្នកដែលមានជម្ងឺធ្លាក់ទឹកចិត្ត មានអារម្មណ៍ថា មិនសប្បាយ ឬ កើតទុក្ខ ហើយជា ធម្មតាមិនរីករាយនឹងអ្វីៗទាំងឡាយដែលពួកគេធ្លាប់បានទទួល/មានកន្លងមក ។ 


ជម្ងឺធ្លាក់ទឹកចិត្ត គឺ ជាលក្ខណៈជម្ងឺដ៏ធ្ងន់ធ្ងរមួយ ។ ជាញឹកញាប់ វាធ្វើឱ្យយើងមានអារម្មណ៍ថា អស់ សង្ឃឹម និង គ្មានសង្ឃឹម ហើយអាចនាំឱ្យមានគំនិតចង់ធ្វើអត្តឃាត។

Sadness is a normal human emotion, and all of us feel sad at times - our human response to experiences of loss or disappointment. But, if sadness happens too often, it can become depression - is a medical condition where people experience long and intense periods of low mood which affects their ability to function at work or relate to others. People with depression feel unhappy or sad and usually don't enjoy many of the things they used to.


Depression is a serious condition. It often makes us feel hopeless and helpless, and can lead to suicidal thoughts.

ទទួលសា្គល់អំពីជម្ងឺធ្លាក់ទឹកចិត្ត

១- រោគសញ្ញាផ្នែករាងកាយ រួមមានមានអារម្មណ៍ថាអស់កម្លាំង ឬ ល្ហឹតល្ហៃ ការផ្លាស់ប្តូររបៀបរបប ទទួលទានដំណេក និង ចំណង់អាហារ ការថយចុះក្នុងចំណាប់អារម្មណ៍ផ្លូវភេទ កំណើនបញ្ហាសុខ ភាពរាងកាយ ដូចជា ការចុកចាប់ ការដើរ ឬ ការផ្លាស់ប្តូររាងកាយមានសភាពយឺត។



Recognising Depression


1- Physical Symptoms. Including: Feeling tired or exhausted, changes in sleep and appetite, reduced sexual interest, increase in physical health problems like pain, walking or moving more slowly.

២- ការផ្លាស់ប្តូរឥរិយាប រួមមាន: ការឆាប់ខឹងសំបារកាន់តែច្រើន ជៀសវាងពីមនុស្សទាំងពួង និង ទីកន្លែងទាំងឡាយ ហើយជៀសវាងអ្វីៗ ដែលអ្នកធ្លាប់បានរីករាយកន្លងមក ឬ មិនទទួលបាននូវអារម្មណ៍រីករាយដូចមុនពីសកម្មភាពធម្មតាទាំងឡាយ ។





2 - Changes in behaviour. Including: Becoming more irritable, avoiding people and places, and avoiding things you used to enjoy doing or not getting the same pleasure from usual activities.


3 - គំនឹតគ្មានប្រយជន៏ទាំងឡាយ: ការរិះគន់ខ្លួនឯងហួសហេតុ និង គតិអវិជ្ជមានអំពីខ្លួនឯង  មាន អារម្មណ៍ថាអស់សង្ឃឹម ឬ គ្មានសង្ឃឹមជួយខ្លួន និង អនាគតរបស់ខ្លួនផ្ទាល់ មានអារម្មណ៍សោក ស្តាយ  ធ្លាក់ទឹកចិត្ដ ឬ ទុក្ខព្រួយ ពិបាកការក្នុងការប្រមូលផ្តុំអារម្មណ៏ និង ផ្តោតអារម្មណ៏ ការចងចាំ មានសភាពដុនដាប ភ្លេចភ្លាំង និង គំនិតគឹតថា អ្នកមិនគួររស់នៅមានជីវឹត ។




3 - Unhelpful thoughts.Including: Excessive self-criticism and negative thoughts about yourself, feeling hopeless or helpless about yourself and the future, feeling sad, down, depressed, or blue, difficulty concentrating and poor attention, poor memory and forgetfulness, and thoughts that you would rather not be alive.

Source: 
Beyond Blue
Mind Health Connect Organization 

Sunday, August 10, 2014

ថ្នាំពន្យាកំណើតបង្កើនការចងចាំខាងពាក្យសំដីរបស់ស្ត្រី (Contraceptive pill enhance verbal memory in woman)

The contraceptive pill has been found to improve women’s brain function. Picture: Justin

ថ្នាំពន្យាកំណើត បញ្ឈប់អ្នកពីការមានផ្ទៃពោះ និង អាចជួយការពារទប់ស្កាត់ពីជម្ងឺមហារីកស្បូន។ 

The contraceptive pill stops you getting pregnant and can help prevent ovarian cancer. 

យោងតាមការពិនិត្យឡើងវិញមួយរបស់មជ្ឈមណ្ឌលស្រាវជ្រាវចិត្តវិទ្យានៃ Monash Alfred  លើការសិក្សាចំនួន ២២ ស្តីពីផលប៉ះពាល់នៃថ្នាំពន្យាកំណើត ទៅលើសមត្ថភាពផ្លូវចិត្តរបស់ស្រ្តីបានរក ឃើញភស្តុតាងថាវាធ្វើអោយការចងចាំខាងពាក្យសំដីរបស់ពួកគេបានប្រសើរ ឡើង។

According to a review by Monash Alfred Psychiatry Research Centre of 22 studies into the effect of the pill on women’s mental ability has found evidence it improves their verbal memory.

មានការសិក្សាមួយចំនួនបង្ហាញថា ការព្យាបាលដោយប្រើអ័រម៉ូនជំនួសអាចបន្ថយហានិភ័យនៃជម្ងឺ វង្វេងចំពោះស្ត្រីក្រោយពេលអស់រដូវ ទោះជាយ៉ាងណាក្តី ប្រសិទ្ធិភាពរបស់វាប្រែប្រួល អាស្រ័យថា តើសស្រ្តីបានប្រើថ្នាំប្រភេទគ្រាប់សកម្ម ឬ ថ្នាំគ្រាប់ប្រភេទជាតិស្ករ មុនអំឡុងពេលមករដូវ ។

There are even studies suggesting hormone replacement therapy can lower the risk of dementia in post- menopausal women however their performance varied depending whether they were using the active pill or the sugar pill taken just prior to a period.

Saturday, August 9, 2014

ការអភិវឌ្ឍន៏នៃកោសិកាឈាម (Blood Cell Development)


Blood cell development; drawing shows the steps a blood stem cell goes through to become a red blood cell, platelet, or white blood cell. A myeloid stem cell becomes a red blood cell, a platelet, or a myeloblast, which then becomes a granulocyte (the types of granulocytes are eosinophils, basophils, and neutrophils). A lymphoid stem cell becomes a lymphoblast and then becomes a B lymphocyte, T lymphocyte, or natural killer cell. A B lymphocyte may become a plasma cell.
Blood cell development. 

Terms to know

B-Lymphocytes (B-Cells)
A type of white blood cell that makes antibodies. B lymphocytes are part of the immune system and develop from stem cells in the bone marrow. Also called B cell.

Basophils
A type of immune cell that has granules (small particles) with enzymes that are released during allergic reactions and asthma. A basophil is a type of white blood cell and a type of granulocyte.

Blood
A tissue with red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets, and other substances suspended in fluid called plasma. Blood takes oxygen and nutrients to the tissues, and carries away wastes.

Blood Plasma
The clear, yellowish, fluid part of the blood that carries the blood cells. The proteins that form blood clots are in plasma.

Cells
The basic subunit of any living organism; the simplest unit capable of independent life. Although there are some single-celled organisms, such as bacteria, most organisms consist of many cells that are specialized for particular functions.

Eosinophils
A type of immune cell that has granules (small particles) with enzymes that are released during infections, allergic reactions, and asthma. An eosinophil is a type of white blood cell and a type of granulocyte.

Erythrocytes (Red Blood Cells)
A cell that carries oxygen to all parts of the body.

Granulocytes
A type of immune cell that has granules (small particles) with enzymes that are released during infections, allergic reactions, and asthma. Neutrophils, eosinophils, and basophils are granulocytes. A granulocyte is a type of white blood cell.

Hematopoiesis
The formation of new blood cells.

Leukocytes (White Blood Cells)
A type of immune cell. Most white blood cells are made in the bone marrow and are found in the blood and lymph tissue. White blood cells help the body fight infections and other diseases. Granulocytes, monocytes, and lymphocytes are white blood cells.

Lymphoblasts
A lymphocyte that has gotten larger after being stimulated by an antigen. Lymphoblast also refers to an immature cell that can develop into a mature lymphocyte.

Lymphocytes
A lymphocyte is a type of white blood cell that is part of the immune system. There are two main types of lymphocytes: B cells and T cells. The B cells produce antibodies that are used to attack invading bacteria, viruses, and toxins. The T cells destroy the body's own cells that have themselves been taken over by viruses or become cancerous.

Lymphoid
Referring to lymphocytes, a type of white blood cell. Also refers to tissue in which lymphocytes develop.

Myeloblasts
A type of immature white blood cell that forms in the bone marrow. Myeloblasts become mature white blood cells called granulocytes (neutrophils, basophils, and eosinophils).

Myeloid
Having to do with or resembling the bone marrow. May also refer to certain types of hematopoietic (blood-forming) cells found in the bone marrow. Sometimes used as a synonym for myelogenous; for example, acute myeloid leukemia and acute myelogenous leukemia are the same disease.

Natural Killer Cells (NK Cells)
A type of immune cell that has granules (small particles) with enzymes that can kill tumor cells or cells infected with a virus. A natural killer cell is a type of white blood cell. Also called NK cell and NK-LGL.

Neutrophils
A type of immune cell that is one of the first cell types to travel to the site of an infection. Neutrophils help fight infection by ingesting microorganisms and releasing enzymes that kill the microorganisms. A neutrophil is a type of white blood cell, a type of granulocyte, and a type of phagocyte.

Platelets (Thrombocytes)
A tiny piece of cell that is made by breaking off of a large cell in the bone marrow. Platelets are found in the blood and spleen. They help form blood clots to slow or stop bleeding, and to help wounds heal. Also called thrombocyte.

Stem Cells
A cell from which other types of cells develop. For example, blood cells develop from blood-forming stem cells.

T-Lymphocytes (T-Cells)
A type of white blood cell. T-lymphocytes are part of the immune system and develop from stem cells in the bone marrow. They help protect the body from infection and may help fight cancer. Also called T cell and thymocyte.


Saturday, August 2, 2014

ទំពាំងឫស្សីស្រស់/ឆៅ និង ទំពាំងឫស្សីចម្អឹនស្រេច (Fresh/Raw & Cooked Bamboo Shots)


ផ្អែកលើ សេវាកម្មស្រាវជ្រាវផ្នែកកសកម្មនៃនាយកដ្ឋានកសិកម្មសហរដ្ឋអាមេរិក ទំពាំងឫស្សីស្រស់ ១០០ ក្រាម មានផ្ទុកជាតិទឹក ៩១ ក្រាម ថាមពល - កាឡូរី ២៧ kcal ប្រូតេអ៊ីន ២,៦ ក្រាម ជាតិខ្លាញ់ ០,៣ ក្រាម កាបូអ៊ីដ្រាត ៥,២ ក្រាម ជាតិសរសៃ ២,២ ក្រាម ជាតិស្ករសរុប ៣ ក្រាម 

ផលប្រយោជន៍អាហារូបត្ថម្ភ

ទំពាំងឫស្សីស្រស់សម្បូរទៅដោយសារធាតុខិនិជ រួមមាន  

  • ជាតិកាល់ស្យូម (Ca)  
  • ជាតិដែក (Fe) 
  • ម៉ាញ៉េស្យូម (Mg) 
  • ផូស្វ័រ (P) 
  • ប៉ូតាស្យូម (K)
  • សូដ្យូម (Na)
  • ស័ង្កសី (Zn) 
ជាប្រភពនៃវីតាមីន 

  • វីតាមីន C - អាស៊ីត ascorbic\ 
  • thiamin
  • riboflavin 
  • Niacin 
  • វីតាមីន B-6
  • អាស៊ីតហ្វូលីក   
  • វីតាមីន A  
  • វីតាមីន E (alpha-tocopherol) 
Based on Based on the Agricultural Research Service United States Department of Agriculture 100g of fresh/raw bamboo shots contains 91g of, energy 27kcal, protein 2.6g, total lipid (fat) 0.3g, Carbohydrate 5.2g, Fiber 2.2g and sugars 3g

Artichoke is packed with minerals include

  • Calcium (Ca)
  • Iron (Fe)
  • Magnesium (Mg)
  • Phosphorus (P)
  • Potassium, (K)
  • Sodium (Na)
  • Zinc (Zn)
A good source of vitamins

  • Vitamin C - ascorbic acid
  • Thiamin
  • Riboflavin  
  • Niacin 
  • Vitamin B-6 
  • Folate
  • Vitamin A
  • Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol)



ផ្អែកលើ សេវាកម្មស្រាវជ្រាវផ្នែកកសកម្មនៃនាយកដ្ឋានកសិកម្មសហរដ្ឋអាមេរិក 

អ្វីដែលប្លែកគ្នារវាងទំពាំងឫស្សីស្រស់/ឆៅ និង ទំពាំងឫស្សីចម្អឹនស្រេច (ចម្អឹន ស្ងោរ ច្រុះទឹកចេញ គ្មាន ជាត់អំបឹល) គឺ ភាពប្រែប្រួលនៃជាតិទឹក អាហារូបត្ថម្ភ និង សារជាតិបន្ទាប់បន្សំមួយចំនួន (គ្មាននៅ ក្នុងទំពាំងឫស្សីស្រស់/ឆៅ) រួមមាន

  • ផេះ
  • អាមីណូអាស៊ីដ 
  • tryptophan 
  • threonine
  • isoleucine 
  • leucine  
  • Lysine 
  • methionine 
  • Cystine 
  • Phenylalanine 
  • Valine 
  • Arginine  
  • histidine  
  • Alanine 
  • អាស៊ីត Aspartic  
  • អាស៊ីត glutamic 
  • glycine 
  • Proline 
  • Serine



Based on the Agricultural Research Service United States Department of Agriculture 

The different between the raw/fresh bamboo shots and cooked, boiled, drained, without salt are the water content, nutritional benefits and some trace elements (not shown in raw/fresh bamboo shots) including
  • Ash
  • Amino Acids
  • Tryptophan
  • Threonine
  • Isoleucine
  • Leucine
  • Lysine 
  • Methionine
  • Cystine 
  • Phenylalanine
  • Valine
  • Arginine
  • Histidine
  • Alanine
  • Aspartic acid 
  • Glutamic acid
  • Glycine
  • Proline
  • Serine